Huge Glossary of Terms

ENGLISH HINDI TAMIL KANNADA
       
Spices/Herbs      
Turmeric Haldi Manjal Harasina pudi
Coriander seeds,
Coriander powder
Dhania Dhaniya Kothambari
Cloves Lavang Lavangam,
Kirambu
Lavanga
Fennel Saunf Sombu —–
Cinnamon Tuj/Dalchini Pattai Lavanga pattiai
Cardamom Elaichi Yelakkai Ellakki
Cilantro,
Coriander leaves
Dhania Kothamalli —–
Ginger Adrak Inji Shunti
Garlic Lasun Poondu Bellulli
Pepper corns Kalimirchi Milagu Menasu
Fenugreek seeds Methi Vendhayam Menthiyam
Red chili pepper lal Mirchi Kaindha milagai,
Vatral milagai
—–
Poppy seeds Khuskhus Gasagasa —–
Asafetida Hing Perungayam Ingu
Saffron Kesar Kungumapoo —–
Aniseed Sauf Perunjeeragam Dodda jeera
Bay leaf,
Cinnamon leaf
Tej/Tuj patta Birinji ilai —–
Cumin seeds Shah Jeera/Kala
Jeera
Sombu Jeerike
Mustard seeds Rai/Sarson Kadugu Sasuve
Mint leaves Podina Pudhina Pothina
       
Nuts/Dried fruit      
Peanuts,
Groundnuts
moongphali Verkadalai, Nilakadalai veru senaga
pappu
Cashew nut Kaju Mundhiri Paruppu Godambi,  
jeedi pappu
Almonds Badam    
Pistachio Pista    
Walnut Akroot    
Dates Kajhoor    
dried Apricot Khumani    
Raisin Kishmish Kaintha
thratchai
Ona drakshi
       
Grains/Flours      
Gram flour Besan Kadalai Mavu —–
All purpose
flour (Maida)
Maida Maida mavu —–
Wheat flour Atta, Chappathi
flour
Gothumai mavu,
Chapathi mavu
—–
Par-boiled rice —– Puzhungal Arisi —–
       
Semolina Suji Ravai Rave
       
Lentils dal Paruppu Bayle
Vermicelli Seviyan Semiya Semigae
Yellow split
peas
Thoor dal Thuvaram Paruppu —–
Bengal gram Channa dal Kadalai Paruppu —–
Black gram Urad dal Ulundhu —–
Green gram Moong dal Pachai Paruppu —–
       
Seasonings      
Tamarind Imli Puli Hunase hunnu
Jaggery Gur Vellam Bella
Sesame seeds til Ellu —–
Green hot chili Hari Mirchi Pachai milagai —–
Green pepper,
Capsicum
bari mirch Kudai milagai bengaluru
mirapakayi
Curry leaves kari Patta Karivepilai —–
Shrimp, Prawn Jinga Iraal —–
       
Vegetables      
Egg plant,
Brinjal
Biangan Katharikai —–
Okra, Ladies
Finger
Bhindi Vendaikai —–
White Bait —– Nethili meen —–
Gentleman’s
Toes, Tindla
tinda Kovaikai —–
Drumstick Seeng Murungaikai —–
Bottle Guard,Opo
Squash
Doodhi Suraikai —–
Serrated Guard,
Chinese Okra
  Peerkangkai —–
Amaranth Chauli,
chavleri
   
Arrowroot Paniphal,
Tikora
   
Ash
gourd
Petha    
Asparagus Shatwar,
sootmooli,halyan
   
Asparagus Musli    
Avocado,
butterfruit
Makhanphal    
Bell
Pepper
Simla
Mirch
   
Bengal
gram leaves
Chaney
ki bhaji (Hummus)
   
Bitter
gourd
Karela    
Bottle
gourd
Lauki,doodhi    
Cabbage Patha
gobi
   
Carrot Gajar    
Cauliflower Phool
gobi
   
Chilli Mirchi    
Cluster
Beans
Gowaar
Phali
   
Colocasia Arbi    
Coriander
Cilantro
Dhania    
Corn
cobs, maize
Bhutta,
makka
   
Corn
kernel
Makai    
Cowpea Lobia    
Cucumber Kakdi    
Dillweed Suvabhaji    
Drumstick
leaves
Muranka
bhaji
   
French
Beans
Flas
Beans
   
Gardencress Halim    
Gherkins Kunthroo,
Goli, Tondli
   
Green
chilli
Hari
mirch
   
Indian
sorrel
Khatti
bhaji
   
Khesari
leaves
Masoor
bhaji
   
Lettuce Kasmisaag    
Lime
or Lemon
Nimbu    
Lotus
Stem
Kamal
Kakadior, Bhien
   
Makhanphal Avocado,
butterfruit
   
Mushrooms Goochi    
Olives Zetoon
/ Zaitoon
   
Onion Kanda
Pyaaz
   
Peas Matar    
Potato Aloo    
Pumpkin Kadhu    
Radish Mooli    
Red
sorrel
Chukka
bhaji
   
Salad
leaves, endives
Gulsuchal    
Spinach Palak    
Sweet
potato
Shakarkand    
Tapioca Simla
Aloo
   
Tomato Tamatar    
Vegetables Sabji    
Water
Chestnuts
Shingara    
       
Fruits      
Apple Sabe
Bael, Stone
apple, Bengal quince
Bel, siriphal
Banana Kela
Chakothra Pomelo
Chin fruit,
litchie
Lichee
Figs Amjeer
Grapes Angoor
Guavas Amrood
Jackfruit Kathal
Jamoon Jambul fruit
java plum
Mango Aam
Mashmelon Kharbooja
Mulberry Shehtooth
Muskmelon
Cantalope
Kharbooja
Orange Santra
Papaya Papeeta
Pear Nashpati
Pineapple Ananas
Plum Aloobukara
Pomegranate Anar
Sweet lime Mosambi
Watermelon Tarbooj,
Kalingad
Zizyphus Ber, bor
       
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